The Republic of Macedonia is a small country situated in the southern part of Balkan Peninsula. It's a natural bridge between east and west, north and south.
The majority of the population is the Macedonians, while the most numerous among the minorities are the Albanians, Turks and Serbs.
The Republic of Macedonia abounds in the natural beauties and rarities. Many have named it "The Pearl of the Balkans". The numerous mountains, forests, rivers and lakes present a great tourist attraction.
The country is reach in water resources. That is why it is often called "The Land of Lakes" because of the many tectonic, glacial and man-made lakes. There are about fifty large and small lakes, the most significant ones: the lakes of Ohrid, Prespa and Doyran. The rivers form three basins, the largest one - the Vardar River.
Motive from Prespa Lake
(detail) V-VI AD
St. George, Kurbinovo
The high mountains present its impressive, spectacular landscapes. Because of the great variety of plant and animal species, some areas in the mountains have been proclaimed national parks: Mavrovo, Pelister and Galitchica.
There are various climatic zones in the country, temperately Mediterranean in the south (with warm summers and mild winters), and moderately continental in the north with more marked seasonal extremes.
The main administrative center of the country is Skopje, with a population of more than 541.000 inhabitants. It's a place where many roads and civilizations have met and mingled. Other larger towns are: Bitola, Prilep, Kumanovo, Tetovo, Ohrid.
Stobi, Episcopal Basilica
Church St. George, Kurbinovo
Monastery of St. Joachim
Lake Ohrid, Trpejca
The town of Ohrid, situated on the shore of Lake Ohrid with its natural beauties, historical and cultural heritage enjoys the protection of UNESCO. Ohrid abounds with a large number of historical and cultural monuments, lovely beaches, and accommodation facilities.
The second "pearl" of Lake ohrid, the town of Struga is renowned for its old architecture, the river black Drim, its fine beaches, excellent hotels and campsites.
The basin of Lake Prespa is another popular tourist destination with its wild beauty. The lake offers peace in several various accommodation facilities on Oteshevo and Pretor tourist centers.
Lake Doyran, the smallest of the tectonic lakes, due to its mild climate and warm water is considered to have medicinal qualities. There are several hotels and campsites on the shore of this lake, too.
The position of the country and its configuration, climate and hydrograph provide favorable conditions for the development of tourism. For accommodation of tourists the Republic of Macedonia has at its disposal 90 hotels, 10 camps, 2 tourist settlements and some 27.000 beds in private sector. The total number of beds in all accommodation facilities amounts to about 80.000. The most popular tourist destinations are Lake Ohrid. Lake Prespa and Lake Doyran where 80% of total accommodation capacities are located and the biggest part of the tourism turnover and revenues derived.
For winter tourism are several well-known winter sports centers: Popova Shapka, Mavrovo, Krushevo, Pelister. They provide all the necessary facilities for sports and recreation, such as comfortable resorts and hotels, cable cars and ski lifts.
There are more than 60 thermal springs tapped at several spas: Katlanovo Spa, Kosovrasti Spa, Bansko, Negorci, Kezovica Spa. They offer facilities for treatment, rehabilitation and recreation.
Nowadays, the Republic of Macedonia is a veritable treasury of cultural heritage. The country treasures a large number of cultural and historical monuments: churches, monastries, icons, archeological sites, mosques, old books and other artifacts. The first Slavic alphabet and literature also have their roots here.
Many internationally recognized events are held in the country: Ohrid Summer Festival, Struga Poetry Evenings, Balkan Festival of Folk Songs and dances, Galitchnik Wedding.
National folklore and traditional arts and crafts are still cherished. The finely embroidered national costumes, the numerous old crafts shops have played an important part in preserving the tradition.
Arabati baba teke port,
Curch of The Holy Mother,
The Ohrid plane tree
· Area: 25.713 km2
· Population: 1.936.877
· Capital: Skopje
· Language: Macedonian
· Alphabet: Cyrillic
· Religions: Orthodox, Muslim, Roman Catholic
· Political structure: State with parliamentary democracy
· Localities under UNESCO protection: the town of Ohrid and Lake Ohrid
· Currency: Denar (Mden) = 100 deni
· Time: GMT + 1
Colourful folk costumes
· Frontier Crossings:
- From Serbia: Blace, Volkovo, Yazince, Pelince, Sopot and Tabanovce
- From Bulgaria: Deve Bair, Delchevo and Novo Selo
- From Greece: Bogorodica, Doyran and Medzitlija
- From Albania: Kafasan, St. Naum, Stenje and Blato
· Crossing for Air Transport:
- Skopje Airport
- Ohrid Airport
PASSPORT AND VISAS
All visitors require a valid passport. Citizens of European Union countries do not need a visa.
· For vehicles: the car license, the green of blue insurance card and the power of attorney if another person drives the car.
HOW TO COME TO THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
· BY AIR
Through two international airports - Skopje and Ohrid.
Macedonian airlines MAT have regular connections from: Berlin, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Vienna, Zurich, Geneva, Copenhagen.
Several international airlines have regular flights to Skopje/Ohrid.
To come to the country you can use the neighboring airports at Thessalonica,Belgrade Sofia and Tirana.
· BY ROAD
The road communication makes the main transport network. The main international highway the E-75 crosses the country. Network of well maintained roads links its towns and its popular tourist areas.
The Republic of Macedonia is linked with neighboring and some West European countries by both regular and seasonal bus routes. Direct bus services with: Munich, Bonn, Dusseldorf, Stuttgart, Dortmund, Frankfurt, Vienna, Malme, Gothenburg.
Taxis are avilable everywhere at reasonable fares.
You can rent a vehicle (with or without a driver)
· BY RAIL
The Republic of Macedonia is linked up with European countries by a railway line, which crosses the country (from Serbia to Greek border).